In Russia, computer programs can be registered with the Russian Patent Office (ROSPATENT) in accordance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, Articles 1261 and 1262. During recent years, on average, the number of programs registered with ROSPATENT increased by 20% per year, showing that many companies see this as a useful tool to protect their software products.

Though registration is not generally necessary, since computer programs are protected under copyright, there are several benefits which can result from it.

In particular, once you have registered a computer program with ROSPATENT, it is much easier to handle licenses and conclude agreements, since:

• the objects (software, databases) are clearly identified and in any license agreement it is sufficient simply to indicate the ROSPATENT registration number

• the registration certifies the owner(s) and the author(s), thus ensuring that possible conflicts over authorship rights are avoided

• in the event of counterfeit products, it is much easier to deal with the customs, who can act for the benefit of the owner and trace goods as they cross the border

• it is easier to convince a counterfeiter that his actions are illegal, by presenting a Certificate of Registration

• it is much easier to claim damages in courts, as the certificate clearly identifies the program and indicates the date of registration: the two important issues for asserting the fact of infringement

If you have any further questions or need additional information before you make a decision about whether to register a computer program, please feel free to ask further questions at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call on +7(812)600 2427, (812) 600 2428.

In 1995, the Russian Federation joined the Berne Convention and incorporated the Convention’s provisions into its national legislation. No official copyright registration is therefore required for any type of composition or work of literature, art, or music, or for any other cultural activity.

Nevertheless, official organizations which manage authors’ rights do also provide copyright depositing facilities. The Russian Authors’ Society and RAO “COPYRUS” allow literary works, works of art, music manuscripts, sculptures, designs, architectural projects, scenarios, scripts etc., to be deposited with them. A certificate in English can be issued for an extra fee.

PATENTICA provides all the services necessary for the depositing of works of art. We can also arrange for the translation of literary works from English and other national languages into Russian.

For many years now, PATENTICA has been providing assistance in registering first- and second-level domain names in all domain zones on the territory of Russia, the CIS and other countries.

Apart from the registration of new domains, PATENTICA assists in other transactions such as acquiring rights to domain names, and withdrawing rights to domain names from squatters.

PATENTICA cooperates closely with many Russian domain-name registrars and for many years has been a partner in the company RU-Center.

PATENTICA has had significant success in enforcing our clients’ IP rights through negotiation and mediation. However, since such measures are not always effective, we have also conducted legal action on patents, trademarks, domain names, cybersquatting, unfair competition and related issues throughout the country.

Our trial teams are comprised of attorneys who have great experience in law, technology, trademarks, copyright and relevant issues. They have litigated on a broad array of infringement matters before common courts, state arbitration courts (including trials in the High State Arbitration Court) and administrative boards. To date, scores of trademark and related cases have been conducted for various Russian and foreign companies. PATENTICA also has extensive experience with trademark opposition and cancellation proceedings before the ROSPATENT Patent Appeal Board. Attorneys in our Moscow and St. Petersburg offices represent litigant parties in civil actions, adopting a flexible approach to protecting their IP rights.

We also involve law enforcement organizations, when necessary, to promptly combat counterfeiting, and we hand over relevant information to the Russian State Customs office in order to identify and stop counterfeit merchandise. In addition, PATENTICA’s attorneys regularly counsel clients concerning possible defensive and enforcement strategies for patents, trademarks, and broader issues.

In order to estimate the chances of registering a potential trademark in Russia, PATENTICA can conduct a preliminary search for you.

Searches on verbal marks are conducted by PATENTICA’s trademark search specialists using a specialized database. The search results cover registered Russian trademarks, international registrations designating Russia, as well as pending trademark applications.

Along with the search results, we will also provide you with an analysis and recommendations for registering your trademark successfully.

For more information regarding trademark searches, please contact our trademark team via This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or directly Elena Dmitrenko or Olga Gribanova

In Russia, along with patents for inventions, applicants can obtain patents for utility models. These are easier and less expensive to obtain, as the requirements are less stringent and there is only a formal examination. A substantive examination will only be carried out if a utility model patent is challenged. The maximum validity term for a utility model in Russia is 10 years from the date of filing the application with the Russian Patent Office (ROSPATENT). A utility model application can be converted into an invention application.

Only a device or construction can be protected as a utility model in Russia, while a method, substance, strain, or plant or animal variety cannot. The patentability requirements are novelty and industrial applicability. Unlike an invention, a utility model need not involve an inventive step in order to be patentable. The scope of protection is defined by the patent claims.

The formal examination of a utility model patent application checks:

• That application documents comply with requirements
• That the utility model complies with the requirement of unity (it comprises a single creative concept)
• That the subject of the application may be granted legal protection as a utility model.

If all the requirements are satisfied, a Decision on the Grant of the patent is issued. If not, the applicant is granted an opportunity to challenge a Decision on Refusal before it is made.

Our specialists assist in preparing, filing and prosecuting utility model applications in Russia and other countries, including carrying out a patent search.

Our patent department offers clients a superior service across a diverse range of technologies.

Our Patent Attorneys and Experts are grouped into the following four departments:

Biotechnology & Life Sciences
Chemistry & Pharmaceuticals
Electronics, Electrical Engineering & Telecommunications
Mechanics and Medical Technology

The boundaries are fluid, however, and cooperation between experts with different specialities is often required to meet the needs of clients with more complex intellectual property.

We understand the value that patents give to a company, and always aim not only to protect the time and money invested in research and development and provide a genuine business asset, but also to create a perfect Intellectual Property Rights strategy for our client, expanding the value of his innovative ideas.

We believe that a well-developed, comprehensive IPR strategy, including timely registration and monitoring of IPR, not only raises the competitiveness of a company, but also avoids many possible complications connected with enforcing the IPR in the market.

PATENTICA acts before the Russian Patent and Trademark Office (ROSPATENT) and the Eurasian Patent Office (EAPO), and also works in close cooperation with our associates in other CIS countries to file and prosecute patent applications in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. We also file a considerable number of International (PCT) patent applications, which are a popular option for clients who wish to pursue patent protection initially in a large number of countries worldwide through a single application.

We deal with drafting, filing and prosecuting patent applications, as well as preparing and registering assignments and licenses, filing and defending oppositions, and dealing with the renewal of patents. The practitioners in our patents group also have significant experience of attending patent disputes at the Chamber of Patent Disputes of the Russian Patent Office, and also court cases.

Additionally, we offer a range of advice-based services, such as freedom-to-operate searches, patentability searches, IP due diligence, TM watching services, IP strategy consulting and others.

We participate in a number of technology transfer groups and offer our clients in academic and research institutions comprehensive help in finding possible investors in their business and qualified advice at every stage, from provisional patent filings to the signing of valuable transfer deeds.

PATENTICA provides translating and proof-reading services, not only in the domain of Intellectual Property, but in any field which may be of interest to our clients. Our experience has shown that high-quality translation is extremely important for the successful processing of a patent application. We are also aware of the fact that the best patent translation requires profound knowledge of both the related technical art and the source/target languages.

Our policy is therefore to recruit highly qualified specialists from a variety of technical disciplines, who have received additional linguistic training to qualify them for translating work. All translations are done by professionals with extensive experience of practical/scientific work in the appropriate field; for example, in chemistry, pharmaceuticals, biochemistry, mechanics, optics, computer engineering, software, or medical equipment.

Our main working languages are Russian, English, French, German, Spanish, Japanese, and Ukrainian. Each translation is reviewed by a senior patent specialist or a patent attorney, in order to ensure proper terminology, appropriate style, and overall quality of translation. The skills of our technical staff allow us to accept source documents and deliver target documents in any known format which may be required - and we always meet the deadline.

Though we often work under pressure, we like our translations to be perfect. That's why we not only use dictionaries and computer translation programmes, but also draw on ample resources of knowledge, experience, and contacts, making the scope of translation and related tasks we can accomplish nearly unlimited.

Please contact us to learn more.

Our licensing specialists provide the counselling, drafting and negotiation skills our clients expect and rely on when concluding transfer deals of all types, including patent transfer agreements, patent licenses for emerging technologies, trademark transfers and franchising.

We can handle transfers relating to inter-institutional research collaborations and sponsored research agreements, with related technology-transfer transactions, as well as such routine matters as assignments, confidentiality agreements, and consulting and employment agreements.

We employ a team approach to licensing. This means that a lawyer with particular skill in the relevant area (patents, biotechnology, e-commerce, finance, corporate affairs) works on the discrete transaction, but all members of the team are available for review, consultation and assistance. Whatever challenging issues our clients pose in their interaction with public research and academic institutions, with respect to licensing, ownership, or confidentiality, we always try to deal with diplomacy and ingenuity.

The current competitive business environment makes a trademark a valuable instrument for promoting goods and services in the market. Nowadays trademarks are regarded as important distinguishing tools, which can grow from being simply signs, designed to be easily remembered by consumers, into established and well-known brands. Rights on these valuable intellectual property assets need to be securely protected and defended.

Verbal, figurative, three-dimensional, and other marks, or combinations thereof, in any colour or combination of colours, may be registered as trademarks. Trademarks may be registered in a particular class of goods and/or services, or simultaneously registered in several classes. The holder of the exclusive right to a Russian trademark may be a legal entity or an individual entrepreneur.

PATENTICA has broad experience in all aspects of trademark-related matters. We provide the following services:

• Registering trademarks in Russia, the CIS countries and abroad (including registration under the Madrid system)

• Conducting preliminary trademark searches

• Dealing with provisional refusals under the Madrid system in Russia and CIS countries

• Registering assignments, license and franchise agreements

• Developing enforcement strategies, and handling cases relating to trademarks in the Chamber for Patent Disputes of ROSPATENT, the Federal Anti-monopoly Service and before the courts

• Registering trademarks in the Customs Register for Intellectual Property Objects

To file an application for registration of a trademark we need the following information:

• The name and address of the applicant

• A list of the goods and/or services for which the trademark is intended to be used

• A representation of the trademark (for figurative marks)

• A Power of Attorney (which does not require legalization

Please contact Elena Dmitrenko or Olga Gribanova for detailed information on the registration and protection of trademarks.

According to Russian legislation, the shape or configuration of a product can be protected by a patent for an industrial design.

Patents on designs are valid for 5 years. The term can be extended repeatedly for 5 years for a total 25 years.

A 6-months’ grace period is allowed after the original disclosure of a design before an application must be filed for its registration.

Once an application is filed, the Russian Patent Office conducts a substantive examination of the claimed design for compliance with two patentability criteria - novelty and originality.

Unlike many other countries, the scope of protection of a design is defined in Russia by a set of essential features listed in the application and reflected in representations of the design. Preparing an application in Russia therefore involves compiling both a description and a set of essential features of the design, as well as producing a set of representations of it.

In view of the importance of the essential features for the scope of protection, we always take particular care to ensure that these are sufficient for protectability and at the same time provide the maximum scope of protection.

Please contact Elena Dmitrenko or Polina Rotgolts for more detailed information on the protection of designs in Russia.